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Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum and anus that cause discomfort and bleeding. This condition is common among adults and can range from mildly uncomfortable to severely painful.


What are Piles?

Piles are classified into two main types: internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids develop inside the rectum and are typically painless, though they can cause bleeding. External piles form under the skin around the anus and can be itchy or painful.


Causes of Piles

Several factors contribute to the development of piles. These causes can help in both prevention and treatment.


Common Causes

Straining During Bowel Movements: Excessive straining can put pressure on the veins in the rectum and anus, leading to piles.

Chronic Constipation or Diarrhea: Both conditions can irritate and inflame the rectal and anal veins.

Sitting for Long Periods: Prolonged sitting, especially on the toilet, can increase the pressure on the veins.

Pregnancy: The increased pressure on the pelvic veins during pregnancy can cause hemorrhoids.

Obesity: Excess body weight can put additional pressure on the rectal veins.

Low-Fiber Diet: A diet lacking in fiber can lead to hard stools and constipation, contributing to piles.

Heavy Lifting: Regularly lifting heavy objects can strain the veins in the rectum and anus.

Symptoms of Piles


Pain or Discomfort: Especially during bowel movements or when sitting.

Itching or Irritation: In the anal region.

Swelling: Around the anus.

Lumps: Near the anus, which can be sensitive or painful.

Diagnosis of Piles

Diagnosing piles typically involves a physical examination and a review of symptoms.

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